Tri-Thielen glycol
What is Tri-Thielen glycol?
How to produce triethylene glycol? What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using this chemical? What are the physical and chemical properties of this material?
Tri ethylene glycol is a colorless transparent liquid and has very little odor. This compound has a high viscosity. As the name implies, this product is composed of two materialscalled diethylene glycol and ethylene.
This chemical is used as a conditioner whether it is the preparation of vinyl polymers and disinfectant products. In other words, this chemical is obtained from hydration of ethylene oxide (mono, die and tri) from ethylene glycol.
In this article, we are going to make your loved ones more familiar with this chemical in general. So stay with us until the end of this story.
What are the advantages of triethylene glycol?
It is worth noting that the production capacity of this chemical in the United States is about 139,000 tons per year, most of which is used to produce industrial chemicals inside the country. In general, it is used as the best chemical intermediate for the synthesis of chemicals and the production of sodium salts.
What is the application of triethylene glycol?
Due to the wide range of applications of this chemical compound in various industries, it can be said that the market for buying and selling TEG has become very popular. In order to register the purchase order of triethylene glycol, it is registered in companies with a history of reliable (such as farsashima) in bulk.
In the following text, we briefly deal with a few of them, some of the applications of TEG are steep:
Application in natural gas industry
The most common application of this compound is moisture absorption. It is used in the gas and oil industry to absorb moisture, and it is also possible to absorb moisture from other gases such as CO2 H2S and other oxygenated gases.
Application for disinfection and elimination of bacteria
This chemical is used as a gentle disinfectant, against a variety of bacteria as well as silium neutatom fungus. The low toxicity of this compound, low odor and antiviral and microbial properties make it ideal to use this compound to disinfect air in small spaces.
Application of triethylene glycol to eliminate viruses
It is interesting to note that the ability of this chemical to eliminate the influenza A virus was reported around 1943.
What are the technical and chemical specifications of TEG?
  • The chemical name of this substance is Tri ethylene glycol .
  • This chemical compound is used in many fields.
  • The chemical formula C6H14O4 is this compound.
  • The freezing point of this element is -4.3 °C.
  • It is liquid at 1 atmospheric pressure and 25°...
  • Its density is 1.1255 g/ml.
  • Its boiling point is about 285 °C.
  • Triethylene glycol is soluble in water.
  • The molar mass of this material is 150.174 g/mol.
  • Viscosity of this compound is equal to 47.8 cm Poisse.
  • This excess compound, which has good solubility with water, is dissolved in acetic acid, ethanol, glycerin, aldehyde, acetone and pyridine.
  • If in most hydrocarbons and oils it is insoluble.
  • Its employment point is approximately 165 °C.
  • This compound is known by other names such as TEG and triglycol.
  • And...
History of triethylene glycol production
The use of this chemical and organic material (triethylene glycol) as a raw material composition of many industries goes back many years. According to the history of triethylene glycol production, it has been shown that approximately 0.53 of these products are used in moisture absorption (from natural gas) and nearly 0.12 are used in the softening industry and chemical solvents.
To produce polyurethane approximately 0.05 of the total production, it is used. 0.5 is used to produce polyester foot resins, 0.07 in lubricants and 0.04 for other tasks.
This chemical has a much better performance compared to diethylene glycol in moisture absorption (from natural gas). This application accounts for more than 0.50 of the total production of triethylene glycol.
The production industry of this compound (TEG) has increased by more than 5% over the past 5 years, it is interesting to know that it is competing with diethylene glycol in some applications.
How to produce triethylene glycol (TEG)?
In fact, this chemical is commercially composed of ethylene oxidation as a byproduct in the presence of catalysts at high temperatures. After hydration of ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol 3 materials (monoethylene, diethylene and triethylene) glycol is created. This means that this compound is formed by heating glycol and ethylene. In this particular, through ethereal bonding, two molecules bind ethylene glycol together.
TEG is a liquid solvent and is very famous for its higroscopic properties as well as the ability to absorb fluids. Other glycolic compounds that are made at this stage are tetraethylene glycol.
What is the packaging and maintenance of triethylene glycol?
  • This material must be kept in stable and standard conditions.
  • Placing this material at high temperatures causes the product to decompose. Gas production during degradation of this compound will cause high pressure in closed systems.
  • Avoid contact with strong acids. Strong oxidizers and strong openings are very dangerous for this chemical.
  • This particular chemical compound, such as organic solvents and other chemicals, should be carried out in completely safe and standard conditions when packed and maintained.
  • Triethylene glycol storage or storage should be equipped with personal protection and explosion control equipment.
  • Do not store packages and packages containing this compound near medicines, beverages and food sources.
  • The storage warehouse of this material must be ventilated properly. Barrels and storage tanks of triethylene glycol should be away from moisture, thermal and incendiary sources.
  • The storage of this particular compound should be a dry and cool place.
An important issue to know about TEG packaging is that they supply this chemical trokib in 230kg barrels. Tanks and barrels maintaining this material should be highly resistant to corrosiveness and ... Be, be, be. Barrels and storage tanks of this Turkishmetal or polyethylene are very suitable for transporting or moving this chemical through large tanks of 25 tons and in bulk is possible the price of this compound in bulk order with barrels is different.
TEG Side Effects
It is advisable to pay close attention when working with this combination. In the following text, we have mentioned some of the complications of triethylene glycol that may occur during contact with the person: some of these complications are:
  • If this substance is contacted with the eyes, it causes swelling, irritation and inflammation of the eyelids. It is advising to wear special glasses and masks when working this combination.
  • It is important to know that this chemical will be absorbed through the skin and will irritate the skin if it comes into contact with the skin.
  • To prevent skin damage while contacting this compound, it is better to use resistant clothes, shoes and gloves.
  • Dust or vapors caused by this substance stimulate the respiratory tract, throat and nose.
  • It is interesting to know that the allowed concentration of working with this compound in the open air is 50 ppm for 15 minutes. If you use more of this concentration, be sure to use respiratory protection systems.
  • If this compound is swallowed, it affects the nervous system and causes confusion as well as metabolic changes in the body. In these cases, it attacks the lungs and heart of the injured person and ultimately seriously damages the kidneys.